OSS and .NET Year In Review 2011

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T’is the season for “Year in Review” and “Best of” blog posts. It’s a vain practice, to be sure. This is exactly why I’ve done it almost every year! After all, isn’t all blogging pure vanity? Sadly, I did miss a few years when my vanity could not overcome my laziness.

This year I am changing it up a bit to look at some of the highlights, in my opinion, that occurred in 2011 with open source software and the .NET community. I think it’s been a banner year for OSS and .NET/Microsoft, and I think it’s only going to get better in 2012.

NuGet
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We released NuGet 1.0 in the beginning of this year and it had a big impact on the amount of sleep I got last year. Insomnia aside, it’s also had a significant impact on the .NET community and been very well received.

One key benefit of NuGet is it provides a central location for people to discover and easily acquire open source libraries. This alone helps many open source libraries gain visibility. According to http://stats.nuget.org/, the NuGet gallery now has over 4,000 unique packages and 3.4 Million package downloads.

Scott Hanselman noted another impact I hadn’t considered in his DevReach 2011 keynote. To understand his observation, I need to provide a bit of background.

Back in April, Microsoft released the ASP.NET MVC 3 Tools update. This added support for pre-installed NuGet packages in the ASP.NET MVC 3 project templates so that projects created from these templates already include dependent libraries installed as NuGet packages rather than as flat files in the project. This allows developers who create a project from a template to upgrade these libraries after the project has been created via NuGet.

NuGet 1.5 adds this support for pre-installed packages to any project template that wants it. In the preview for ASP.NET MVC 4, we included libraries such as ModernizR, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Validation, and Knockout in this manner. We expect other project templates in the future to take advantage of this as well.

The interesting observation Hanselman had in his keynote is that this is an example of Microsoft giving equal billing to these open source libraries as it does to its own. When you create an ASP.NET MVC 4 project, your project includes Microsoft packages alongside 3rd party OSS packages all installed in the same manner.

Additionally, the way NuGet itself was developed is also important. NuGet is an Apache v2 open source project that accepts contributions from the community. Microsoft gave it to the Outercurve Foundation and continues to supply the project with employee contributors.

Orchard Project

Before there was NuGet, there was Orchard. Orchard is an open source CMS system that was started at Microsoft, but also contributed to the OuterCurve Foundation.

What’s really impressive about Orchard is the amount of community involvement they’ve fostered. They’ve set up a governance structure consisting of an elected steering committee so that it’s truly a community run project.

They recently surpassed 1 million module downloads from their online gallery. Modules are extensions to Orchard that are installable directly from within the Orchard admin.

Umbraco

Umbraco is an independent open source CMS that has a huge following and a strong community. They’ve been around for a while, long before 2011. But in 2011, Microsoft hosted the redesigned http://asp.net/ site using Umbraco.

Micro ORMS

For a lack of better term, I think 2011 was the year of the mini-ORMS. While many refere to these libraries as micro-ORMS, they’re not technically ORMs. They’re more simple data access libraries. A non-comprehensive list of the ones that made a big splash are:

If you’re interested in seeing a more comprehensive list of Micro ORMS with source code examples of usage (Nice!), check out this blog post by James Hughes.

Micro Web Frameworks and OWIN

Like pairing a good beer with the right steak, lightweight micro-web frameworks provide a good pairing with Micro-ORMS. It’s interesting that  both of these picked up quite a bit this past year.

Some that caught my attention this year are:

  • Named after Sinatra’s daughter, there’s the Nancy micro web framework.
  • FubuMVC is billed as the project that gets out of your way.
  • OpenRasta is a resource oriented web framework for building REST services.

Again, James Hughes provides a comparative list of micro-web frameworks complete with source code examples.

With the proliferation of web frameworks as well as lightweight web servers such as Kayak and Manos de Mono, the need to decouple the one from the other arose. This is where OWIN stepped into the gap.

OWIN stands for Open Web Interface for .NET. It is a project inspired by Rack, a Ruby Webserver interface, meant to decouple web servers from the web application frameworks that run on them.

This project was started as a completely grass roots project in 2011 but has seen amazing pick-up from the community and I believe will have a big impact in 2012.

mp-mono-logo

Miguel de Icaza wrote a monster blog post about the year that he and the Mono (and Xamarin) folks have had in 2011. His post inspired me to write this less monstrous one. It’s a great post and really inspiring to see how they’ve emerged from the ashes of the great Novell layoff of 2011 to have a great year.

In the following image, you can see me teaching Miguel everything he knows about software development and open source while Scott acts surprised?

What really caught my interest in his post was the note about Microsoft using Mono and Unity3D to build Kinectimals for iOS systems such as the iPad. 2011 seems to be the year of pigs flying for Microsoft.

Xamarin is doing a great job of bringing Mono, and consequently C# and open source to just about every device imaginable!

Open Source Fest at Mix 11

Mix is one of my favorite conferences and I’ve attended every single one. And it has nothing to do with it being in Las Vegas, though that doesn’t hurt one bit.

This year was special due to the efforts of John Papa (who’s name makes me wonder if he ever goes all Biggie Smalls on people and sings “I love it when you call me John Papa”). This year, John put together the Open Source Fest at Mix.

This was an event where around 50 projects had stations in a large open room where they could represent their project and talk to attendees. The atmosphere was electric as folks went from table to table learning about useful software directly from the folks who built it.

This is where projects such as Glimpse got noticed and really took off. Would love to see more of this sort of thing at conferences.

Azure SDKs and GitHub

As I recently wrote on the GitHub blog, Microsoft is actively developing a set of Azure SDKs for multiple platforms (not just .NET) in GitHub. All of these libraries are Apache v2 licensed and actively being developed in GitHub.

screenshot of the azure sdk
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It’s great to see Microsoft not only releasing source code under an open source license, but actively developing it in the open and ostensibly accepting contributions from the public. I look forward to seeing more of this in the future.

GitHub\_PixelOptimizedLogo

Last but not least, there’s GitHub. Full disclaimer: I’m an employee of GitHub so naturally my opinion is totally biased. But a bias doesn’t necessarily mean an opinion is wrong.

What I love about GitHub is that just about everybody is there. GitHub hosts a huge number of open source projects, including a large number of the important ones you’ve heard of. Quantity alone isn’t a sign of quality, but it can create network effects. When a site has such a large community, hosting a project there makes it easier to attract contributors because there’s such a large pool to draw from.

I’ve seen this benefit .NET open source projects first hand. Since moving some of my projects there, I’ve received more pull requests. Small independent projects such as JabbR have really attracted a passionate community at GitHub with large numbers of external contributions. Most of the credit must go to the efforts of the great project leads who’ve worked hard to foster a great community, but I think they’d agree that hosting on GitHub certainly makes it easier and more enjoyable.

What did I miss?

Did I miss anything significant in your opinion? Let me know in the comments. What do you think will happen in 2012? Does the number 2012 look like a science fiction year to you? Because it does to me. I can’t believe it’s just about here already. Have a great holidays!

UPDATE: Egg on my face. This post was meant to list a few highlights and not be a comprehensive list of all that happened in open source in the .NET space. Even so, in my holiday infused malaise, I was negligent in omitting several highlights. I apologize and updated the post to reflect a few more significant events. Let me know if I missed some obvious ones.

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