0 comments suggest edit

Simone Chiaretta, a member of the Subtext team (not to mention many other projects), just released a Vista Gadget which allows you to monitor a CruiseControl.NET build within your sidebar.

It looks spiffier than the system tray applet that comes with CCNET.

Here’s a screenshot of it docked.

CCNET Gadget

And undocked.

CCNET Gadget

From the screenshots you can see the status of the projects he is monitoring. The good news is that the 1.9 build has been fixed since he took these screenshots.

Pretty nifty!

0 comments suggest edit

I received a strange delinquency notice for a parking ticket. At first glance, it seemed normal enough. Yep, there’s my license plate number. Yep, the make of the car is correct. But look at this, the color of the car is wrong.

That’s strange since it’s not one of those cases where they indicated midnight blue when the car is black. No, they indicated red and my car is blue.

And one other minor detail was a bit off. The parking ticket was for Fillmore street in San Francisco and I live in Los Angeles.


I called the SF parking department and the nice woman on the phone looked into it and told me that the parking attendant made several errors in the citation and I can disregard the notice.

Several errors? I’ll say.

Like hallucinating a car that couldn’t possible be in San Francisco at the time? Or, perhaps there just happens to be a red car with the same make as mine and the same license plate number, just with a “B” where mine has an “8”.

0 comments suggest edit

It wasn’t till 1987 that I experienced my first (and worst) case of technolust ever. The object that inspired such raw feelings of lust, of course, was the Commodore Amiga.

As a lowly Commodore 128 owner, which was really just a glorified Commodore 64 in a beige case, I bought every issue of the Commodore magazines of the day.

500These magazines started showing off these lush advertisements of the Commodore Amiga, boasting of its 4096 colors and 4-channel stereo sound.

I had to have it.

Looking back, I am shocked at how much my lust for the Amiga held sway over me. I purchased a copy of every Amiga magazine on the newstand, talked about it incessantly to anyone who would listen, and had vivid dreams of the Amiga’s amazing graphics capabilities.

And when I finally got my hands on it, it was every bit as good as I had hoped.

For many Amiga users at the time, the Amiga was true to its name (spanish for female friend) in that it was the closest thing to a girlfriend we had. Give me a break, I was only twelve at the time.

Like having a girlfriend, I spent countless hours with the computer, not to mention countless dollars on peripherals and upgrades. I remember hustling for tips at the local commissary in order to upgrade the beast from 512K to 1MB of ram (cost: $99).

The reason I bring this up is I came across a recent article on the Wired website entitled Top 10 Most Influential Amiga Games, which filled me with a rush of nostalgia.

I only had the pleasure to play two of the games listed, Defender of the Crown, in which catapulting castles was pure fun, and SpeedBall 2, which probably was responsible for the pile of broken joysticks I accumulated.

Defender of the Crown Catapult
Scene Speedball 2

Personally though, I thought Lords of the Rising Sun (also made by Cinemaware) was even better than Defender of the Crown.

Lords of the Rising Sun
Screenshot Lord of the rising sun screenshot with a

The game sequence in which you could snipe advancing siegers using a first-person bow and arrow with a little red laser point dot was exhilarating (sadly, I could not find a screenshot).

Speedball 1

I also liked Speedball 1 (shown here) slightly better than 2 because the side scrolling in 2 always threw me off.

I still have my Amiga 500 gathering dust in a storage cabinet in the garage. I’ve been meaning to unpack it and see if it still works, but my home is small and there’s really no room to set it up. I figure there must be a better way to try out my old games.

Amiga Emulation!

Digging around, I discovered there’s an active project to create an Amiga emulator for *nix called UAE. There’s a Windows port called, not surprisingly, WinUAE (click for full size).


Unfortunately, these projects cannot distribute the Amiga ROM nor its operating system due to copyright issues. However they do provide instructions on how to transfer the ROM and operating system over to your PC on their FAQ.

Amiga Forever

An even easier approach is to simply purchase Amiga Forever for around forty bucks. This is an ISO image that contains a preconfigured WinUAE with the original ROM and operating system files. Amiga Forever is sold by Cloanto who currently own certain intellectual property rights to the Amiga.

Amiga Forever comes with several games for the Amiga as well that vary with the edition purchased. The site also has a games section in which they list places to download more games.

For example, the Cinemaware site has disk images for pretty much all of their games available for free, including Lords of the Rising Sun.

Play Defender of the Crown Immediately

All this talk of Amiga emulation sounds like fun and everything, but seriously, do I need yet another time sink? If you’re jonesing for some Amiga gaming now and don’t want to be bothered with emulation, head over to the Cinemaware website and satiate your Amiga gaming kick by playing the Flash version of Defender of the Crown. Now about that time sink…

Though I owned a couple computers prior to the Amiga, the Amiga is truly the computer that fueled my fire for computing.

0 comments suggest edit

The GeeksWithBlogs.net website just switched over its 1442 (and counting) blogs, containing 25,921 blog posts and 39,140 comments over to Subtext. As Jeff Julian reports, it only took them six hours.

Jeff posted a pic of the crew at work to make it happen (click for larger).

GWB'ers burning the midnight

Not depicted in the picture are members of the Subtext team who have tried their best to be responsive and helpful to the GWB team during their early planning phases for the move.

Subtext should handle the load just fine considering that they were running on .TEXT prior, and though we’ve made a lot of changes, we haven’t changed the data access code drastically.

Tip of the hat to Scott Watermasysk for building the original .TEXT code in a scalable manner, laying a good foundation for this sort of installation.

Already, the large site may have sussed out a caching bug we’ve been trying to track down for ages, but haven’t been able to reproduce.

Anyways, congratulations to the GWB team for a successful migration.

Technorati tags: Subtext, Geeks With Blogs

0 comments suggest edit

Maybe this is obvious, but it wasn’t obvious to me. I’m binding some data in a repeater that has the following output based on two numeric columns in my database. It doesn’t matter why or what the data represents. It’s just two pieces of data with some formatting:

42, (123){.console}

Basically these are two measurements. Initially, I would databind this like so:

<%# Eval("First") %>, (<%# Eval("Second") %>)

The problem with this is that if the first field is null, I’m left with this output.

, (123){.console}

Ok, easy enough to fix using a format string:

<%# Eval("First", "{0}, ") %>(<%# Eval("Second") %>)

But now I’ve learned that if the first value is null, the second one should be blank as well. Hmm… I started to do it the ugly way:

<%# Eval("First", "{0}, ") %> <%# Eval("First").GetType() == 
  typeof(DBNull) ? "" : Eval("Second", "({0})")%>

*Sniff* *Sniff*. You smell that too? Yeah, stinky and hard to read. Then it occured to me to try this:

<%# Eval("First", "{0}, " + Eval("Second", "({0})")) %>

Now that code smells much much better! I put the second Eval statement as part of the format string for the first. Thus if the first value is null, the whole string is left blank. It’s all or nothing baby! Exactly what I needed.

0 comments suggest edit

UPDATE: Luke Wroblewski posted a link in my comments to his Best Practices for Form Design PDF. It is 100+ pages chock full of good usability information concerning forms. Thanks Luke!

James Avery writes about the Art of Label Placement in which he links to a few great articles on form design and label placement.

Web Application Form Design by Luke Wroblewski - This article covers the best ways to arrange labels and submission buttons.

Web Application Form Design Expanded by Luke Wroblewski - Another great article from Luke W. expanding on the same topics.

Label Placement in Forms by Matteo Penzo - Matteo takes Luke’s advice but applies eyetracking to evaluate how usable it is.

Eye Tracking

Based on these articles, James decides that non-bold labels above input fields are the best for usability. Interestingly enough, a non-bold label just above the form field just happenes to be my personal preference as well.

And now, I know why.

Matteo Penzo’s research using Eye Tracking provides some empirical evidence that this arrangement is more usable.

0 comments suggest edit

Rob Conery is soliciting our feedback for a panel on Open Source that he᾿ll be participating in at Mix07.

He᾿s joined by some big names in the world of Open Source Software including Miguel de Icaza. Hot Damn!

I won᾿t lie, I did want to be a part of the panel when I first heard about it (in part to get a free ticket, but also be cause I love hearing myself talk about Open Source) but did not make the cut. Now I see why and I᾿m kind of glad I᾿m not up there risking looking like a fool next to those guys.

Not to say that Rob is going to look foolish. He᾿s got a lot of smarts. You᾿ll do fine Rob! Trust me.

0 comments suggest edit

How good are you at thinking on your feet?

Last night I watched the premier for a new show called Thank God You’re Here. It’s a sketch improv comedy show starring various comedy television and movie stars, who have to bluff their way through a scene. They are given costumes, a set, but no script.

The set of Thank God You're

The title of the show derives from the fact that the first line of each skit is “Thank god you’re here!”

I love improv comedy and I thought Neuman from Seinfeld was great as well as the dad from Malcom in the Middle. You can watch the premier online.

It’s reminiscent of one of my favorite improv shows ever, Drew Carey’s Who’s Line Is It Anyways?, but with better sets and costumes. Though it remains to be seen if they will ever top the funniest Whose Line episode ever with Richard Simmons.

Who’s Line Is It

code, sql 0 comments suggest edit

I’m not one to post a lot of quizzes on my blog. Let’s face it, while we may create altruistic reasons for posting quizzes such as:

  1. It’s an interesting problem I thought up
  2. It’s an interesting bug I ran into

we all know the real reasons for posting a quiz.

  1. It serves as blog filler.
  2. It’s a way to show off how smart the blogger is.

With that in mind, let me humbly present my latest SQL Quiz, which is something I ran into at work recently, and will not show off any smarts whatsoever.

The circumstances of this problem have been dramatically changed and simplified to both protect the guilty and save me from a lot of typing.

In this application, we have two tables. One contains a lookup list of various statistics. The second is a larger table of measurements for each of the statistics.

The following screenshot shows the data model.

Statistic table and Measurement

The following screenshot shows the list of contrived statistics.

Statistic Table

What we see above are the following:

  1. LOC per bug - Lines of code per bug.
  2. Simplicity Index - some magical number that purports to measure simplicity.
  3. Awe Factor - The awe factor for the source code.

For each of these statistics, the larger, the better.

The following is a view of the Measurement table.

Measurement Table

Each measurement has the previous score and current score (this is a denormalized version of the actual tables for the purposes of demonstration).

I needed to write a query that would show each of the stats for a given developer as well as a Trend Factor. The Trend Factor tells you whether or not the statistic is trending positive or negative, where positive is better and negative is worse.

Result of the

Here is my first cut at the stored procedure. It’s pretty straightforward. In order to make the important part of the query as clear as possible, I used a Common Table Expression to make sure the count of measurements for each statistic can be referenced as if it were a column.

CREATE PROC [dbo].[Statistics_GetForDeveloper](
  @Developer nvarchar(64)
WITH MeasurementCount(StatisticId, MeasurementCount) AS
    ,MeasurementCount = COUNT(1)
  FROM Statistic s
    LEFT OUTER JOIN Measurement m ON m.StatisticId = s.Id
  Statistic = s.Title
  , Developer
  , CurrentScore
  , PreviousScore
  , mc.MeasurementCount
  , TrendFactor = (CurrentScore - PreviousScore)/mc.MeasurementCount
FROM Statistic s
  INNER JOIN MeasurementCount mc ON mc.StatisticId = s.Id
  LEFT OUTER JOIN Measurement m ON m.StatisticID = s.Id
WHERE Developer = @Developer

I bolded the relevant part of the query. We calculate the TrendFactor by taking the current score, subtracting the previous score, and then dividing the difference by the number of measurements for that particular statistic. This tells us how that statistic is trending.

In this application, I am going to present an up arrow for trend factors larger than 0.1, a down arrow for trend factors less than -0.1, and a flat line for anything in between. A trend factor going upward is always considered a “good thing”.

The Challenge

This works for now because for each statistic, a larger value is considered better. But we need to add a new statistic, Deaths per LOC, which measures the number of deaths per line of code (gruesome, yes. But whoever said this industry is all roses and rainbows?). For this statistic, an upward trend is a “bad thing”.

Therefore, if the current score is larger than the previous score for this statistic, we would want the TrendFactor to be negative. Not only that, we may want to add more statistics in the future. Some for which larger values are better. And some for which smaller values are better.

So here is the quiz question. You are allowed to make a schema change to the Statistic table and to the stored procedure. What changes would you make to fulfill the requirements?

Bonus points, can you fulfill the requirements without using a CASE statement in the stored procedure?

Here is a SQL script that willl setup the tables and initial stab at the stored procedure for you. The script requires SQL Server 2005 or SQL Server Express 2005.

0 comments suggest edit

LogoRob Conery just announced that Beta 1 of SubSonic 2.0 is ready for your immediate data access needs. He’s looking for beta testers (open to anyone and everyone) to make sure this release is rock solid.

I may attempt to claim a significant contribution, but do not believe me. I only contributed a teeny-tiny amount of code to this release.

I am using a small bit of Subsonic in a current project (just using it to generate Stored Procedure wrappers since the existing database already has a legacy data model and stored procedures to work with).

While I’m talking about release dates for open source projects, I should mention that Subtext 1.9.5 will be released soon and afterwards we’ll turn our full focus to getting Subtext 2.0 out the door. I’ve made some progress on 2.0 while working on the 1.9 branch, so hopefully it will follow 1.9 shortly.

My cohorts and I finished our first draft of the book we’re working on, so I should hopefully have more time to work on Subtext. That is, till the kid arrives.

0 comments suggest edit

I think it’s time to start a video collection of amazing talents people acquire when they have too much time on their hands. This one must surely qualify. It’s worth two minutes of your time to check it out.

Dice Stacking Video on

Found via my doppleganger, the other Phil Haack.

blogging 0 comments suggest edit

Technorati recently released their latest State of The Blogosphere report (renamed to something about the Live Web to avoid confusion with the Dead Web) chock full of statistics and pretty graphs.

This would be interesting, if I were interested in anything other than myself. No, I don’t care about how other blogs are doing. I only care about Me Me ME!

How is MY Blog doing?

To find out I could check on some external sources. For example, Alexa.com shows that my site has experienced steady growth in the past three years (click on the chart to see the actual report page).

Alexa Graph of Haacked.com over 3

But lest I let that go to my head, let’s compare my site’s reach with my friend Jeff’s using Alexa’s comparison tool.

Hmmm, it may be high time I contrive my own crowd pleaser FizzBuzz post.

Moving on, let’s see what Technorati has to say.

Haacked.com on Technorati - Rank 6358 (1276 links from 473

Wow. 6358 is a big number! That’s good right? Oh, maybe not. But we can see that 473 blogs have provided 1276 links to my blog. I should hit these suckers up for a loan!

Let’s swing over to see what Feedburner says:

Subscribers: 3,339. Site Visitors:

It’d be nice to have just one score to look at. Let’s swing over to the Website Grader.

Website Grade: 97/100 Page Rank:

I could have saved some time by just going here first. Hey Ma! I got an A! Can I leave the cage?

Looking Inward

Well, if there’s one thing I learned about happiness it’s to look for it inward, rather than relying on external validation. That way, you don’t have to let reality intrude on your carefully crafted world view. So let’s look at some internal statistics.

  • Posts - 1322
  • Comments - 2510
  • Spam Comments - 9818 (which is low because I periodically clean out the table)

Hmmm… I wonder what are my five most popular posts based on Ayende’s formula.

Title Web Views
Video: The Dave Chappelle Show 169,398
PHOTO: When Nerds Protest The RNC 81,353
Year of the Golden Pig 60,316
Response.Redirect vs Server.Transfer 54,076
Using a Regular Expression to Match HTML 37,807

I won’t lie. It depresses me a bit to learn that my three most popular posts have nothing to do with technology. Not only that, the most popular post by a longshot is a skit about a family with an unfortunate last name. It’s a mispelling of a horrible racial epithet, which happens to bring alot of bad spelling racists in search of god knows what.

What the Numbers Don’t Say

Well all these numbers are fine and good, but they can’t measure the enjoyment I get out of blogging. Nor can they measure the satisfaction that some readers (any reader?) gets from reading my posts. At least not until someone builds Satisfactorati or Satisfactorl.icio.us.

The numbers may not support my complete self-centered ego-centric view, but when has vanity and a self-inflated ego ever been subdued with so called “facts”?

So what is the state of your blog?

This post is a refresh to my Blogging Is Pure Vanity post from way back when.

0 comments suggest edit

Jeff Atwood writes a great summary of Open Source Licenses. As far as I’m concerned, there’s really only four software licenses to worry about (open source or otherwise).

  1. Proprietary - The code is mine! You can’t look at it. You can’t reverse engineer it. Mine Mine Mine!
  2. GPL - You can do whatever you want with the code, but if you distribute the code or binaries, you must make your changes open via the GPL license.
  3. New BSD - Use at your own risk. Do whatever the hell you want with the code, just keep the license intact, credit me, and never sue me if the software blows your foot off. The MIT license is a notable alternative to the New BSD and is very very similar.
  4. Public Domain - Do whatever you want with the code. Period. No need to mention me ever again. You can forget I ever existed.

Yes, there are many more licenses, but I think you’ll do just fine if you just stick with these four. (Note, I am not a lawyer, take this advice at your own risk and never ever sue me. Ever.)

Of course, this really is focused on software, what about the content of your blog, or sample code in your blog?

For small code snippets in your blog, I recommend either explicitly releasing the samples to the Public Domain or pick the new BSD License.

UPDATE: I’ve updated this section based on feedback. Creative Commons is a poor choice for source code.

The tricky part in my mind is that there are two potential uses for source code snippets in a blog.

For example, you may just want to post the same code in your blog. In that case, I see the code as being content, for which CC might be appropriate. The other use is posting the code in an application. Then it really is source code, and CC is not appropriate.

In any case, my source code snippets are released to the Public Domain unless otherwise stated. I only ask that you do reference the blog post where you got the code from, but it is not required.

Note, except in the case of releasing content to the Public Domain, if you choose to license your code using an Open Source License or license your content using a Creative Commons license, it does not mean you give up your copyright to the material. You still own the copyright. The license just lets people know that they may make use of your content and what restrictions are in place. That is where the Some Rights Reserved phrase commonly associated with Creative Commons content comes from, as opposed to All Rights Reserved.

Also, keep in mind that you can choose to license code snippets in your blog differently from your blog’s content. Many people do not want to share their blog content, but do want to share code snippets. Just make it clear in your copyright notice.

If you want to know more about software licensing, check out my multi-part series on copyright law and software licensing for developers:

code, tech 0 comments suggest edit

Just something I noticed today. A lot of people (I may even be guilty of this) publish their emails on the web using the following format:

name at gmail dot com

Substitute gmail dot com with your favorite email domain.

The problem with this approach is that it is trivially easy to harvest email addresses in this format with Google.


First, do a search for the following text (include the quotes):

”* at * dot com”

Now, all you need to do is run a regular expression over the results. For example, using your favorite regular expression tool, search for this:


and replace with this:


Now before you blame me for giving the spammers another tool in their arsenal, I would be very surprised if spammers aren’t already doing this. I highly doubt I’m the first to think of it.

So what is a better way to communicate your email address without making it succeptible to harvesting? You could try mish-mashing your email with HTML entity codes. For example, when viewed in a browser, the following looks exactly the same as name at gmail dot com.

name at gmail dot com

The key is to somewhat randomly replace characters with entity codes, so that we all don’t use the exact same sequence. If we all replaced every letter with its corresponding entity code, it would be trivially easy to farm.

But by introducing some randomness, it becomes a lot more difficult to farm these emails. It’s possible, but would take more technical chops and computing power than the technique I just demonstrated.

0 comments suggest edit

Code CompleteA while ago I read Steve McConnel’s latest book, Software Estimation: Demystifying the Black Art, which is a fantastic treatise on the “Black Art” of software estimation.

One of the key discoveries the book highlights is just how bad people are at estimation, especially single point estimation.

One of several techniques given in the book focuses on providing three estimation points for every line item.

  1. Best Case: If everything goes well, nobody gets sick, the sun shines on your face, how quickly could you get this feature complete?
  2. Worst Case: If your dog dies, your significant other leaves you, and your brain turns to mush, what is the absolute longest time it would take to get this done? In other words, there is no way on Earth it would take longer than this time, unless you were shot.
  3. Nominal Case: This is your best guess, based on your years of experience with building this type of widget. How long do you really think it will take?

The hope is that when development is complete, you’ll find that the actual time spent is between your best case and worst case. McConnell provides a quiz you can try out to discover that this is harder than it sounds.

Over time, as you reconcile your actual times into your past estimates, you’ll be able to figure out what I call your estimation batting average, a number that represents how accurate your estimates tend to be.

Once you have these three points for a given estimate, you can apply some formulas and your estimation batting average to create a probability distribution of when you might complete the project. Here is a simple example of what that might look like (though in real life there may be more point values).

  • 20% 50 developer days
  • 50% 70 developer days
  • 80% 90 developer days

So the numbers above show that there’s only a 20% chance the project will be complete within 50 developer days and an 80% chance of completion if the development team is given 90 developer days.

This technique showcases the uncertainty involved in creating estimates and focuses on the probability that estimates really represent.

After reading this book, I fired up Excel and built a nice spreadsheet with the formulas in the book and columns for these three estimation points. Now I can simply enter my line items, plug in my best, worst, and nominal cases, and out pops a probability distribution of when the project will be complete.

However, as I mentioned before, the crux of this technique relies on that estimation batting average. But when you’re just starting out, you have no idea what that average is, so you have to pull it out of the air (I recommend pulling conservatively).

The reason I bring this all up is that I watched an interesting interview today on the ScobleShow. Robert Scoble interviewed FogCreek founder and well known technology blogger, Joel Spolsky.

Joel let it be known that they are building a new scheduling feature for FogBugz 6 that reflects the reality of software estimation better than typical scheduling software.

For example, one key observation he makes is that estimates tend to be much shorter than the actual time than they are longer.

For example, it’s quite common to estimate that a feature will take two days, only to have it take four days, or eight days. But it’s rare that the feature actually ends up taking one day. Obviously it’s impossible for that feature to take 0 days or -4 days.

This makes obvious sense when you think about it.

The amount by which you can finish a feature before an estimated time is constrained, but the amount of time that you can overshoot an estimate is boundless.

Yet many software scheduling software completely ignore this fact, hoping that an underestimation on one item will be offset by an overestimation of another. They assume these over and under estimates are balanced, which they are clearly not.

This new feature will attempt to take that into account as well as your track record for estimates (your batting average if you will), and provide a probablity of completion for various dates.

Sounds like a brilliant idea! If done well, that would be quite hot and allow me to chuck my hackish Excel spreadsheet.

code, tdd, open source, tech 0 comments suggest edit

RhinoAyende just announced the release of Rhino Mocks 3.0. The downloads are located here. If you aren’t subscribed to Ayende’s blog, I highly recommend it. This guy never sleeps and churns out code like a tornado.

Ever since I discovered mocking frameworks in general, and especially Rhino Mocks, mocking has become an essential part of my unit testing toolkit.

A while ago I wrote a short intro demonstrating how to write unit tests for events defined by an interface. This small example shows the usefulness of something like Rhino Mocks.

If you’re wondering what the difference between a mocks, stubs, and fakes, be sure to read Jeff Atwood’s Taxonomy of Pretend Objects.

0 comments suggest edit

You’ve been HAAA CKED will be well represented at Mix 07 this year. I thoroughly enjoyed Mix 06 last year and think 07 has the potential to be even better.

Do not worry, I’m leaving the retina scorchingorange aloha shirtat home this time.

My only disappointment with Mix 07 so far is it doesn’t have quite the clever rhyme that Mix 06 did. My wife did a cheer for me as I left for last year’s the conference.

Mix! Oh-Six! Mix! Oh-Six! Mix! Oh Six!

“Mix! Oh-Seven!” doesn’t roll off the tonque quite in the same manner. No cheers from my wife this year.

There are many people I’m looking forward to hanging out with in attendance this year. I like to think that it was me who convinced Scott Hanselman to attend this year’s Mix conference. Jon Galloway, Jeff Atwood, and Rob Conery will all be there. It may take that many to drag me away from the craps table before I lose my future son’s college tuition.

I also think Steve (Lucky 21) Maine will be there (is that right Steve?). Last year he watched as the Craps dealers rolled their eyes when I only bought $40 worth of chips (it’s all I had) at a $10 table. I then proceeded to turn that into around $300, only to lose the bulk of that at BlackJack later. No more BlackJack after Craps!

I think Adam (Is it 9 or 10?) Kinney will also be in attendance. If you are planning to be there, let me know in the comments!

If you’re a Subtext user, feel free to swing by and tell me how much Subtext is a [godawful mess run by a retarded monkey and is possibly responsible for your pet’s death|wonderful piece of sublime software that enriches your life in a way you never thought a .NET blog engine could] (or any option in between).

If you’re not a Subtext user, tell me how much you’ve heard that Subtext is a [godawful mess run by a retarded monkey and is possibly responsible for your pet’s death|wonderful piece of sublime software that enriches your life in a way you never thought a .NET blog engine could]

And if I have time left over, I may just attend a few sessions. Seriously though, I really enjoyed many of the sessions last year. Funny how much you can still learn while hung-over and sleep deprived. I kid. I kid.

oss, empathy, community 0 comments suggest edit

A recent confrontational thread within the Subtext forums that I shared with Rob Conery got us into a discussion about the challenges of dealing with difficult members of an Open Source community. There are many approaches one can take. Some advocate not engaging disruptive community members. I tend to give everyone the benefit of the doubt at first. Rob often commends me for my paticence in dealing with users in the forums. Neither approach is necessarily better than the other. It’s a matter of style.

If there’s one thing I’ve learned about running an Open Source project, it’s that it takes two key qualities.

First, you really need to have a thick skin. You cannot please everybody, and if you’re doing something even remotely interesting, you’re going to piss off some people with the choices you make. But you can’t stop making choices, so be prepared to piss people off. It’s a part of the job. Just be mentally prepared for the attacks, fair or not.

Troi Second, you have to have empathy for your users and developers. Sometimes what feels like an attack is really a misunderstanding based on cultural differences. I know some cultures tend to have a very brusque in-your-face way of discussion. What might be considered rude in one culture, is considered a normal even keeled discussion in another.

At other times there may be an underlying reason for the venting which really has nothing to do with you or your project.

Sure, it’s not really fair to take the brunt of someone’s wrath because of what happens elsewhere, but I find that humor and attempting to focus the discussion to specific objective complaints often helps defuse an argumentative thread.

In this particular case, the user ends up apologizing and writes about the aggravating events at work that led to his frustrations and lashing out in our forums.

Apology accepted, no hard feelings.

What about Toxic members? Sometimes there are members of the community who really are simply toxic trolls. They’re not interested in having any sort of real discussion. How do you deal with them? How do you tell them apart from someone who actually does care about your project, but is so ineloquent about expressing that?

I’ve been fortunate not to have experienced this with Subtext yet, but this excellent post How Open Source Projects Survive Poisonous People points out some great advice for identifying and dealing with poisonous people.

The post is a summary a video in which Ben Collins-Sussman and Brian Fitzpatrick, members of the Subversion team, discuss how to deal with poisonous people based on their experiences with Subversion.

Their points are specific to their experience running an Open Source project. But many of their points apply to any sort of community, not just Open Source.

Politeness, Respect, Trust, and Humility go along way to building a strong community. To that list I would also add Empathy.

0 comments suggest edit

UPDATE: Made some corrections to the discussion of ReadOnlyCollection’s interface implementations near the bottom. Thanks to Thomas Freudenberg and Damien Guard for pointing out the discrepancy.

In a recent post I warned against needlessly using double check locking for static members such as a Singleton. By using a static initializer, the creation of your Singleton member is thread safe. However the story does not end there.

One common scenario I often run into is having what is effectively a Singleton collection. For example, suppose you want to expose a collection of all fifty states. This should never change, so you might do something like this.

public static class StateHelper
  private static readonly IList<State> _states = GetAllStates();

  public static IList<State> States
      return _states;

  private static IList<State> GetAllStates()
    IList<State> states = new List<State>();
    states.Add(new State("Alabama"));
    states.Add(new State("Alaska"));
    states.Add(new State("Wyoming"));
    return states;

While this code works just fine, there is potential for a subtle bug to be introduced in using this class. Do you see it?

The problem with this code is that any thread could potentially alter this collection like so:

StateHelper.States.Add(new State("Confusion"));

This is bad for a couple of reasons. First, we intend that this collection be read-only. Second, since multiple threads can access this collection at the same time, we can run into thread contention issues.

The design of this class does not express the intent that this collection is meant to be read-only. Sure, we used the readonly keyword on the private static member, but that means the variable reference is read only. The actual collection the reference points to can still be modified.

The solution is to use the generic ReadOnlyCollection<T> class. Here is an updated version of the above class.

public static class StateHelper
  private static ReadOnlyCollection<State> _states = GetAllStates();

  public static IList<State> States
      return _states;

  private static ReadOnlyCollection<State> GetAllStates()
    IList<State> states = new List<State>();
    states.Add(new State("Alabama"));
    states.Add(new State("Alaska"));
    states.Add(new State("Wyoming"));
    return new ReadOnlyCollection<State>(states);

Now, not only is our intention expressed, but it is enforced.

Notice that In the above example, the static States property still returns a reference of type IList<State> instead of returning a reference of type ReadOnlyCollection<State>.

This is a concrete example of the Decorator Pattern at work. The ReadOnlyCollection<T> is a decorator to the IList<T> class. It implements the IList<T> interface and takes in an existing collection as a parameter in its contstructor.

In this case, if I had any client code already making use of the States property, I would not have to recompile that code.

One drawback to this approach is that interface IList<T> contains an Insert method. Thus the developer using this code can attempt to add a State, which will cause a runtime error.

If this was a brand new class, I would probably make the return type of the States property ReadOnlyCollection<State> which explicitly implements the IList<T> and ICollection<T> interfaces, thus hiding the Add and Insert methods (unless of course you explicitly cast it to one of those interfaces). That way the intent of being a read-only collection is very clear, as there is no way (in general usage) to even attempt to add another state to the collection.

0 comments suggest edit

I’ve been banging my head against a couple of problems with the interaction between Subtext and Windows Live Writer that I thought I’d post on this here blog in the hopes that someone can help.

I expect that Mr. Hanselman might know the answer, but will only tell me after properly extolling DasBlog’s superiority over Subtext first. Very well.

Here’s the first issue. I’m kind of a fan of typography and go through the extra effort to use proper apostrophes and quotes.

For example. Instead of using ’ for a quote, I will use ’. Instead of “quotes”, I will use “real quotes”. It’s just how I roll.

For the apostrophe, I use the HTML entity code ’. For quotes I use the opening quotes “ followed by the closing quotes ”.

However, when you enter these things in WLW and post them to your blog, it converts them to the actual characters. Thus when I query my database, I see “quotes” instead of &#8220;quotes&#8221; as I would expect.

I wish WLW would not screw around with these conversionsn, but until then, I was thinking about doing a simple conversion on the server back to the original entity encodings.

However, I can’t just call the HttpUtility.HtmlEncode method as that would encode the angle brackets et all. I still want the HTML as HTML, I just want the special characters to remain entity encoded.

Anyone have a clever method for doing this, or will I need to brute force this sucker?