New Ajax Grid Scaffolding NuGet Package for MVC 3

asp.net mvc, asp.net, code comments edit

**EDITOR’S NOTE:Microsoft has an amazing intern program. For a summer, these bright college students work with a feature crew getting real work done, all the while attending cool events nearly every week that, frankly, make the rest of us jealous! Just look at some of the perks listed in this news article!

This summer, the ASP.NET MVC is hosting an intern, Stephen Halter, who while very smart, doesn’t have a blog of his own (booo! hiss!). Being the nice guy that I am (and also being amenable to bribes), I’m letting him guest author a post on my blog (first guest post ever!) to talk about the cool project he’s been doing.

Editor Update:A lot of folks are wondering why we built our own grid. The plan is to build this on top of the jQuery UI Grid when it’s complete. It’s not done yet so we built a scaled down implementation to allow us to test out the interactions with ASP.NET MVC controllers and make sure everything is in place. It’s mostly T4 files that extends our existing Add Controller Scaffolding feature. You can tweak the T4 to build any kind of grid you want.

Hello everyone – my name is Stephen Halter, and I am a summer intern on the ASP.NET MVC team who is excited to show you the new Ajax grid scaffolder that I have been working on for ASP.NET MVC 4. Phil has graciously allowed me to use his blog to get the word out about my project.

We want to get some feedback before releasing the scaffolder as part of the MVC Framework, and we figured what better way to get feedback than to release a preview of the scaffolder as a NuGet package?

To install the package, search for “AjaxGridScaffolder” in the NuGet Package Manager dialog or just enter the following command

PM> Install-Package AjaxGridScaffolder

in the Package Manager Console to try it out.

The NuGet package, once installed, registers itself to the Add Controller dialog as a ScaffolderProvider named “Ajax Grid Controller.” When run, the scaffolder generates a controller and corresponding views for an Ajax grid representation of the selected model and data context class.

The Ajax grid controller scaffolder has many similarities to the current “Controller with read/write actions and views, using Entity Framework”, but it provides pagination, reordering and inline editing of the content using Ajax.

Add \> Controller menu
selection

Template Selection - Ajax Grid
Controller

Currently, the Ajax Grid Scaffolder only generates C# code, but both Razor and ASPX views are supported. We’ll add VB.NET support later. If you selected “None” from the Views drop down in the Add Controller dialog, only the controller will be generated.

The generated controller has 8 actions. There is Index, Create (POST/GET), Edit (POST/GET), Delete (POST), GridData, and RowData. Most of these actions probably sound familiar, but there are a few that might not be obvious. The GET versions of Create and Edit provide editing widgets to the client using HtmlHelper.EditorFor or HtmlHelper.DropDownList if the property is a foreign key. The GridData action renders a partial view of a range of rows while RowData renders a partial view a specific row given its primary key. These *Data actions aren’t very verby (editor’s note: “verby?” Seriously?) and improved naming suggestions are welcome.

Solution explorer view of the project
structure

The scaffolder also provides three views: Index, GridData, and Edit. The Index view includes JavaScript and small amount of CSS required to make the Ajax grid usable. Due to all the possible ways a master or layout page can be done, it isn’t possible to ensure that JavaScript and CSS will be included in the <head> element of the document. However, we are looking at possible fixes for the MVC 4 release.

clip\_image005

The GridData and Edit views are partial views that are rendered when retrieving non-editable and editable rows respectively via XMLHttpRequest instances (XHRs) using jQuery. Sending HTML snippets in response to XHRs (as opposed to JSON for example) makes using DisplayFor, EditorFor and ValidationFor more natural and progressive enhancement simpler.

With or without JavaScript, the Index view provides pagination and reordering by column. With JavaScript enabled, rows can be created/edited/deleted all inside the grid without ever leaving the index view.

Tell us what your thoughts are on the Ajax Grid Scaffolder. Is it important to you that we support editing without JavaScript? Do you want the back button to take you to your previous view of the grid? Do you have any suggestions on how to clean up the generated code? Did you encounter any bugs/issues? If so, we want to know.

Tags: aspnetmvc, asp.net, ajax, jquery, grid

Comments